1898 Trans-Mississippi Exposition Opening to Closing
OPENING DAY -
JUNE 1, 1898
June 2, 1898 The illumination of main court was in itself a spectacle
sufficient to reward those waiting. Just as the outline of the
EB buildings began to grow indistinct...a single cluster of electric lamps
on each side of the lagoon was lighted. Then another and another
until the row of pillars that circles midway between the lagoon and
the buildings was crowned with incandescent luster. Another turn
of the switchboard and the circle immediately surrounding the lagoon
added its radiance. In another instant the full circuit was opened and
every outline and pinnacle of the buildings was blazed with light. The
effect was indescribable. Thousands of electric bulbs filled the vast
court with golden effulgence. The glaring white of the buildings was
tempered to a softer tint, and the lagoon glowed and glistened like a
phosphorescent sea...The immense crowd...gazed in dumb admiration.
For a few seconds the crowd was as silent as though they were wax
figures...then a volley of cheers and hand clapping... (Pg. 11)
June 3, 1898 Difficult to get out...not enough exits...Bandstand is in the wrong
EB place as the sun beats down in the afternoon making it impossible to
stay there any length of time. At night it is most enjoyable, but
afternoon concerts will be given on the steps of the Government
Building or in the Auditorium...(later went to morning concerts.)
(Pg. 13 & 14)
EB Kodaks were plentiful yesterday...people gladly paid the $1 fee.
June 4, 1898 The push cart man is not getting much business...Western
EB people are able to walk. The unfortunate people who used him
received a chaffing from the crowd. (Pg. 16)
EB The first fire on the Midway started in the 20 foot shaft of
the California Gold Mine Exhibit. (Pg. 17)
The camels left New York today on their trip to Omaha...High winds
caused such waves on the lagoon, that some boaters felt seasick.
June 5, 1898 Nearly a dozen well known pick-pockets were spotted and evicted
SB from the grounds...no arrests were made...among them were Chicago's
Jimmy Sullivan, AKA-The Velvet Hand;...and Lucy Stanley. Also,
Kansas City, John Winters; from St. Louis, Butch Sullivan; from New
York, Gilbert Parker AKA-Tony the Dago; and Mrs. Lou Decker, AKA-
Little Lou, a 60 year old woman easily identified because she is minus
her right ear. (Pg. 19)
June 8, 1898 Several young ladies from Omaha's high society were spotted on
EB the Midway grounds taking in the sights...gazing at the dancers in the
oriental theaters that do not move their feet or head…but hesitating to
go in...too modest to enter, too curious to leave. "I wouldn't think of
such a thing", said a modest maiden when her escort hinted they
might go in, but she did think of it. She managed to keep near the
entrance until quite a party of women had gathered, all in a similar
state of mind, until one, bolder than the rest, would go in. Then the
modest maidens would discover quite a few nice people were going in
and it might not be so bad after all...Not one of them left until she had
seen the whole show. (Pg. 24)
EB Why the crowd gazed at her. One of Douglas County's young women,
employed at the Douglas County exhibit, has discovered why she has
been the center of attention for visitors. One exhibit is a huge glass
case, designed to contain a number of specimens from Nebraska soil.
She had been working in the case all day and was painfully aware that
every visitor would stop and stare at her with every indication of
amusement. She would slip out and consult a mirror, but nothing
seemed out of place. As the day went on she continued to attract a
grinning crowd and became worked up to a point that she was ready
to quit. Eventually (she discovered) that the case was labeled in large letters, "THIS IS A NEBRASKA PRODUCT". (Pg 24)
June 11, 1898 Unfair to Omaha-
WH "The show now being run at Omaha by a few first class grafters
does not seem to be drawing like a mustard plaster, except to those
who put up the dough to start it. It would not be a surprise if it
petered out long before Nov. 1. Whether the show is any good or not
(name withheld) is not prepared to say but to judge it from the gang
managing it, it is impossible to imagine how it could be any good...It
might prove a success were it not for the various hold-ups visitors
meet at the hotels and hash factories in Omaha. Every one treat
visitors as though he were the last they expect, and the robber rates
they charge will prevent thousands from going...for who ever goes
will...be bled to a finish. (Pg. 33)
(Ed. Note: This letter was sent to the World Herald)
WH Chinese Village will open tomorrow...German Village will open
(within 3 days)...Streets of Cairo closed in a legal dispute
with Streets of All Nations over muscle dancers... (Pg. 34)
WH Prof. Bernhardt has composed a T/M Prize March...He will be in
charge of the piano exhibit in the Manufacturer's Building.
June 12, 1898 The Nebraska girls picked for the composite picture, Miss
SB Nettie Harmer of Syracuse and Miss May O'Shea of Lincoln, will
be here on Nebraska Day. (Pg. 36)
June 17, 1898 The balloonist who landed in the lagoon was ordered not to
WH pull that trick again. His parachute landed him two blocks away,
but the basket came down in the lagoon. He was made to pay 50c
admission to enter and report his loss and another admission the
next morning to come in and get his basket back. (Pg. 56)
June 18, 1898 Some new lighting surprises are being planned by Stieringer,
but they will be kept as a surprise. (Pg. 60)
EB The German Village and Scenic Railway opened today.
EB Montgomery Ward has just received a magnificent piano that is
operated by electricity. It will be placed on display in their
WH The Kansas Building is far advanced. (Pg. 59)
June 19, 1898 The Wisconsin Building was dedicated. (Pg. 63)
SB Exit gates being placed just south of the Georgia Building.
SB The new Expo stamps were made available today.
SB Brainy women in Convention... (Pg. 62)
June 20, 1898 A team of horses pulling a wagon load of brick and sand
EB bolted, dashing from the bridge through the Administration
Arch...past the service building, where a light pole was
smashed, up the north Midway before being stopped near the
fire station...no one was hurt... (Pg. 65)
EB All kinds of excuses have been made by people requesting a
temporary pass, but the reward for the most remarkable goes to
a lady telegrapher. She had written a letter to a friend in
California...and left for work on the grounds carrying the
letter and her photo pass. Her dress had no pockets, so she
slipped her pass in the unsealed letter for convenience. She
later sealed and mailed the letter and not until she reached
the gates did it occur to her what she had done. (Pg. 65)
The Art Catalog was issued today.
WH The Press Building was opened. (pg. 67)
EB A 20 foot Boa Constrictor, from Hagenbacks Animal Show, escaped
somewhere between the Webster St. Depot and the Expo grounds
(along the Bluffs Tract). Residents were quite nervous until it was
found by a young boy in a cave at the foot of Ohio Street. (Pg. 67)
June 21, 1898 The official badges of Expo Officers were received and worn
EB for the first time today. They are the work of a local firm and made
of Silver or gold. The Illinois Building was dedicated. (pg. 69)
June 22, 1898 The new illumination features in the Grand Court will be
welcomed with a fireworks display.
WH New exit gates were opened on the North viaduct, but no
WH The Wild West Show was put into total darkness for about 30
minutes, when a rifle shot from Prof. Fremont Wheeler,
sharpshooter, cut a wire. (Pg. 75)
EB Council Bluffs officials were surprised...that Children's day
is today...Teachers had been making elaborate arrangements to
bring the entire juvenile population of Council Bluffs...
Businessman were raising money...had expectation of a day
entirely their own. Now they are compelled to leave much to
a future occasion. (Pg. 77)
June 23, 1898 Recap of the building of the Wigwam. Ended up 83 feet high
EB with a 30 foot flagpole..180 feet in circumference..4 stories covered
with a heavy ducking painted to represent animal skins. (Pg. 81)
June 24, 1898 Dedication of Wigwam. (pg. 84)
June 25, 1898 Rolling the Rolls opened...first of its kind in America...
WH barrels 15 feet long, 10 feet high, that make 16 revolutions a
trip...each holds 12 people. (Pg. 85)
WH Newlyweds from Virginia honeymoon at the T/M. Caleb Dillow from
Bland County, Virginia and his bride Susan (Hall) of Patrick County,
Virginia, arrived here after a great tribulation... Her father objected to
their union...so they eloped. They mounted a horse and fled, pursued
by the father to the nearest railroad station...married in Bristol, Tenn
... boarded the first train west, ending up here. They will see the
Expo before returning. (pg. 85)
WH The jinrikasha is a society fad on the midway. Fred Cummins
is sorry he cannot supply the demand for these vehicles. (Pg. 85)
WH Ki-Yi, famous Zulu ballyhoo artist, caused quite a sensation
in front of the Dragons Head, where he is performing. (Pg. 85)
WH A new picture, the Bombardment of Ft. Matanzas, was featured
at the Edison War Gragh last night. (The bombardment occurred
April 27th) (Pg. 85)
WH Power of the Press...Directors believe newspaper editors should
be treated most liberally. Feel season passes should be issued
to the editor and his wife of all newspapers in Nebraska,
Iowa, So. Dakota, Colorado, Kansas and Wyoming. Rosewater
doesn't see any good in favoring "miserable little weeklies".
EB New gates were opened several days ago along Sherman Ave.
EB Dust from 24th Street is getting on exhibits in the Gov't Building...
need to have it watered at least twice a day to keep the dust down.
EB Changes were made in the illumination of the statue atop the Gov't
Bldg...only the cluster of lamps in the torch will be turned on...
EB Distribution machines for Ice and Postcards often don't work
right...(they take the penny, just don't give anything in return.)
June 27, 1898 It appears local people prefer to come in the evening, unless
EB some exceptional feature inspires...them to come before 6:00.
Every attendance nearly doubles the day crowd. The beauty (of
the grounds) is augmented by illumination by lamps...a visit
to fairy land...Omaha people have already seen the exhibits
and content to pass away a summer evening in the cool air
and admire the electrical effects that never become tiresome.
June 28, 1898 Repair work continues on the lagoon walls, although always at
EB night, so that the Grand Court is not disturbed. (Pg. 97)
EB Sarah Krappe, Wild West Show rider, was injured when her horse
fell on her during a bucking bronco show. (Pg. 97)
June 30, 1898 Musical Congress...intensely American sentiment... (Pg. 99)
July 1, 1898 The six-pound rapid fire gun that was to have been displayed at
EB the Expo, has been sold to the Gov't and sent to the front in Cuba.
EB 1200 Texas watermelon are to be distributed. (Pg. 101)
July 2, 1898 One woman was in her element as she crowded and pushed
through to the front rank for her slice of watermelon. She was
rewarded with a large piece, but as she marched past the others, with
a gleam of exultant satisfaction, she discovered she had lost her
diamond pin worth $100. Pushing people aside she looked on the
ground, remaining until after they had left, hoping to find it in the
gravel. She did not. She declined to give her name. (Pg. 105)
EB Discussion on harmonic basis of Indian music... (Pg. 104)
July 3, 1898 An 4 foot long alligator has been sent to the Horticulture
Building from someone in Iowa.
EB Guard tackles black box...One of the guards, instructed to stop every
person not having an official ticket attached to their camera...caught
sight of a man with a suspicious looking black box, rushing toward the
Main Court. Hurrying after him the guard saw there was no ticket...
and informed him he would have to get a permit to use that thing.
"Don't need a permit", replied the man, as a crowd gathered as the
man seemed to be making fun of him. The guard repeated himself,
"I don't want to make you any trouble, but",..."I don't intend to buy a
permit and you can't make me", stated the man. "Now look here
mister", replied the guard, who was getting mad. "I don't need any
permit and I'm going to use it right now, just watch me", the man shot
back as he winked to the crowd. With this he walked to a seat, sat
down and opened the box, extracting a sandwich and other eatables,
while the crowd gave the guard the laugh. (Pg. 109 insert)
WH Harry Sayre was taken to the hospital last evening with his face and
head badly cut. He was in the Mirror Maze with friends and trying to
dodge out of sight, when he tripped and fell through one of the
mirrors. The doctors had quite a job getting him patched up.
WH A lack of advertising...has the public at large in blissful
ignorance of the sights at the Exposition. Passes for the
country editors still being held up by Rosewater. (Pg. 108)
July 4, 1898 Ostriches shut out by clergy...Manager Cawston of the Ostrich
EB Farm had made plans for an extensive display in the parade,
but a Methodist parson misunderstood what he was advertising
and had him arrested. While explanations were being made to
guards the parade started. (Pg. 109)
July 5, 1898 Fire in the east casino (Twin Tower Restaurant)... (Pg. 111)
EB Illumination of the Midway...with hundreds of red, white and
blue fires turned night into day.
EB Accident on the Scenic Railroad injures several. One of the
cars ran off the track and nearly tumbled to the ground. Five
were hurt, none badly. They were visiting from Council Bluffs.
July 6, 1898 The Gov't Building must be closed on Sundays... other Expo’s
EB have asked to be able to be open on Sunday too, but none allowed.
EB The Hawaii exhibit, which was expected in early June, has been
delayed because of the war. The Gov't impressed all the
steamers in San Francisco.
July 7, 1898 Leaks in the buildings during heavy thunderstorm...Gov't
EB Building suffers the most. The worst sufferers were the
concessionaires whose establishments were built on flat ground
...water one-two feet deep in the streets...came through roofs
and from the street into buildings. (Pg. 111)
EB Lion tamer Bronco Bocaccio injured...was working with a
lioness had given birth to a litter of cubs about a week ago
...was trying to force her away from the cubs to do her act
...when she leaped at him... (pg. 112)
July 8, 1898 Greeley County people coming...500 to come in September...
EB Wading through deep water on the Midway...sewers backed up
near the Press Building during Wednesdays storm and caused the
entire street to be covered with water up to a foot deep. (Pg. 115)
July 9, 1898 People visiting the Expo living in their cars. W.I. Allen and
WH friends of the Rock Island Railroad, who are bound for Chicago
are staying in his private RR car, which is side-tracked north
of the grounds. They declare it is not as inconvenient as
might be supposed. (Pg. 116)
EB Part of rotunda of Nebraska Building falls into fountain...
July 10, 1898 First religious services held at Auditorium... (Pg. 114 & 121)
SWH Parody on Camera Obscura...The Camera Obscura differs from the
vitascope in that it transfers person & things from any part of the
Exposition onto the screen in the building occupied by the camera.
SWH East Coast knows nothing of the T/M...receiving no publicity.
July 11, 1898 Theater Building on Old Plantation consumed by fire...sending
EB a panic through the Streets of All Nations... (Pg. 123)
EB The Hawaii Exhibit has been moved from the International
Building into the Agricultural Building, since it is now a
U.S. possession. (Pg. 126)
EB Ambulance out of control on the Midway...the breeching broke
which let the whiffletrees up against the horses, causing them to bolt...
brought under control without serious results. (Pg. 126)
EB Serious accident in the Georgia Building...painters working on
a ladder which slipped and went down with them. Two men were
hurt, one breaking both legs. (Pg. 126)
EB A train load of 300 people is coming from Tennessee...Pg. 126
July 12, 1898 The Expo is not known of east of Chicago...lack of publicity...
H.A.Cunningham was looking for trouble on the Midway and he
found it at the German Village...his wounds are not considered
serious... (Pg. 127)
WH The Lagoon Transportation Company will receive tomorrow two
electro-vapor launches...The beautiful Swan Steam Yacht and
the four Gondolas have been very popular. (Pg. 127)
July 13, 1898 A small landing was built on the west end of the lagoon to
EB keep boats from rubbing against the staff... (Pg. 128)
WH The alligator will be put in the fountain in a cage in front
of the Horticulture Bldg. (Pg. 129)
WH A new gate was opened at the SW corner of the Bluffs Tract...
100 per day are using it.
WH The Cotton Belt Route has issued a pamphlet with pictures of
its display in the Agriculture Building. (Pg. 129)
July 14, 1898 New flooring has been put on the Main viaduct that is less
EB sticky than the tar that would stick to shoes on hot days. The
old floor, although double thickness with tar paper between,
let water into the restaurant storerooms below during heavy
thunderstorms. (pg. 130)
EB Fence climbers will be dealt with more severely...previously
just arrested and thrown out...now they face going to Jail...
EB The Expo postcards are meeting with great favor...visitors
using them to write home. (Pg. 130)
EB Bands on the Midway are disrupting the regular concerts...
Midway people assert that the band concerts on the plaza are
duly prolonged, thus holding the crowd from the midway. They
have started a band that begins playing across from the plaza
at the time they think concert should cease, thus interrupting
the concert with their own peculiar music. It is very
exasperating to the people enjoying the concert. (pg. 130)
WH Camp grounds are ready for the Indian Congress...30 acres on
the south portion of the Oak Chatham tract..."Rattlesnake Pete"
will have a tent on the grounds...Bluffs tract people envious...
WH Lastest issue of the Farm Implement Magazine has 7 pages with
WH Rosewater is directed by the Board of Directors to send passes
to the country editors. (Pg. 131)
July 15, 1898 Life-saving crew making ready...practice shots with 18 lb.
WH projectile bombard buildings...carries line over mast but overshoots
lagoon striking colonnades on north side dislodging a few bricks in
the paving...a smaller boat has been ordered…the present one is too
large to capsize. It has decided to cover the bricks with boards, as
they cannot stop cannon from shooting too far. (Pg. 133)
WH Children's Building dedicated. (Pg. 134)
WH Over 100 Ostriches...fight between two of the larger ones...
EB Fish about 4" long found in lagoon...mystery as to how they
got there...similar to fish sent to Gov't Building. (Pg. 136)
July 16, 1898 The Camera Obscura is based on one of the simplest principles
WH of natural philosophy, namely the reflection of refracted light. An
opening...in the center of the roof, encasing a mirror, the angle of
which can be regulated...to reflect the surrounding landscape,
buildings, people, etc. A powerful lens below the mirror reduces the
picture to the right size and intensifies the image...By revolving the
mirror, the entire horizon may be reproduced. (Pg. 136)
July 17, 1898 E. A. Felder has been through hundreds of mazes...and was
SWH explaining to a friend the angles and reflections of the
mystifying glasses. "Now this appears to be a mirror, but is
not as you see," and he kicked hard and high. In a second,
glass worth $60.00 was in a thousand atoms at his feet. He
didn't say a word, just pulled out $60, laid it on the
shattered glass, nodded and walked silently into the street
where the air wasn't so thick. (pg. 137)
July 18, 1898 Crowds are not in as much a hurry now...taking a closer look
WH at exhibits. Sunday admission was restored to 50c, but it was
not announced to the public. Several hundred left rather than
pay the extra quarter. They were undeceived when they reached
the ticket office, but not altogether satisfied. (Pg. 143)
July 19, 1898 Heat does not penetrate buildings.
EB Work on the Minnesota Building being pushed night and day...
they promise to have it ready. (pg. 144)
WH "Barney the Buffalo" arrives from Montana...to be followed by
WH Tanks 18 ft. x 30 ft. x 2 ft. deep are being put in for the
Indians to wash clothes and bathe. They will be kept full
with running water from the city. (pg. 145)
WH Those connected with the Indian Congress given a magnificent
badge of a gold or silver plated tomahawk appropriately lettered.
WH Parasites wreck havoc at fish display in Gov't Bldg...surplus
fish put in lagoon as more arrive...most from Lake Michigan.
WH Brawl at the Pabst Building... (pg. 146)
WH Music-Monday evenings will be devoted to popular music, no
overtures or classic selections, but catchy new airs and old
songs that have a warm place in the publics estimation for a
generation or more. Thursday evenings concert in the Grand
Court, where the Expo Chorus will have full swing and various
novelties of Greek-fire illumination will be blended with
music. Friday evenings will be given entirely to request
programs. A new feature, introduced last evening...has the
band stationed in the outside gallery at east end of
Agriculture Building to make it more generally heard in the
Grand Court as well as on 20th Street, north of the Adm. Bldg.
July 20, 1898 Secret of the Flying Lady illusion was almost made clear to
WH the audience last night. While the young lady...was moving
airily about, her slipper fell off...the curtain was quickly
drawn and in answer to why the slipper remained in space, the
lecturer declared it was under the same magnetic force that
held the flying lady up. (Pg. 147)
WH Thirty female ostriches at the southern California ostrich
farm. Some are beginning to lay eggs. She will lay every
other day for more than two months. An ostrich egg is equal
to three dozen hen eggs and valued at $25.00. Forty days are
required to hatch. The female bird sits from 9 AM to 4 PM and
the male then sits from 4 PM to 9 AM. (Pg. 147)
A circular Venetian Gondola will be brought to the Midway by
Mr. & Mrs. William Russell of France. (Pg. 147)
(Ed. Note: This is called a Carrousel on the photograph)
WH Mystic Maze Bldg. is being remodeled and redecorated. Mr.
E.D. Allen has a large force working and when it is finished
it will be the most attractive building on the Midway.
EB Lions almost eat tamer...Prof. Lewis was jumped by four lion
cubs...they rolled up and down in the same sawdust, first one
on top, then the other. At length he succeeded in beating
them off...but had wounds on his wrist, scalp and back.
EB First of Indians arriving...mostly Sioux...expect 700 to 1200 total.
EB The Chorus will be on the boat landing (east end) and the band
in front of the Liberal Arts Building. They will alternate
selections and combine for an echo effect on some numbers.
EB Colored lights in electric fountain have been turned on...
spray shoots 20 feet into air...colors of the rainbow.
EB Montgomery Wards is not looking for city trade, has previously
done most of its business with farmers, miners, mechanics and
laborers, but they are creating an impression...that will force
them to take city trade. (Pg. 149)
July 21, 1898 Silver badge directors declare war on Gold badge bedecked
WH magnates...object to the aristocratic attitude of the
executive committee. (Pg. 150)
WH Making lightning in the M/E Building...People entering the
building were startled to see actual thunder and lighting...It
is furnished by Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Co. The
current used is 250 volts and by induction coils this is increased to
60,000 volts. The current from one pole goes into the copper letters
giving the sign of the company and the current from the other pole
goes into the tin foil that forms the dark background of a case 5 x 8
in which the lighting appears vividly. The report can be heard all
over the building. (pg. 150)
July 22, 1898 A protest was made at the board meeting against (charging for
EB seating at) the outdoor concerts. It was argued that since the
music was free, so also should be the seating. The suggestion
was referred to a lawyer... (Pg. 156)
WH Antiphonal concert a success...a novel and interesting performance...
WH Local Omaha railroad officials are not to blame...for the lack
of lower rates. Omaha is being used as an example to create
anti-scalper sentiment. Orders came from back east and the
local people have very little voice in the matter. The
railroads are trying to oust ticket brokers... (Pg. 155)
EB It is hoped hawkers of photographs...may be banished from the
EB It has been suggested that the Minnesota Building be
permanently located in a park after the Expo. (Pg. 157)
July 23, 1898 General manager Lane of the Nebraska Telephone Co. wanted to
WH remove one of the telephone booths in their display in the
Mines & Elec. Building. He thought he had gotten the correct
pass, but the guard informed him that the pass admitted the
horse and wagon, but not the driver. He would have to pay 50c
or go through the main entrance several blocks away. That was
easy compared with the difficulty of getting permission to
remove the exhibit. He was batted back and forth and back,
from one official to another, for several hours before
permission was finally received. (Pg. 159)
WH Manager of the Roll the Roll concession was given permission
to rebuild and rearrange to put on a Parisian dance feature.
A gatekeeper refused admission to two officers assigned to the
Expo..., who were then ordered to jump over the turnstiles and
walk over the gatekeeper if necessary by the officer in charge.
EB Bluffs Tract people want a gate added behind the Georgia
Building...presently people are dropped at the gate under the
viaduct, but it leads to the Grand Court, and they never get
to the Bluffs tract. (pg. 160)
July 24, 1898 Novelties in Musical line...coronet solo from a gondola in
SB lagoon. He starts just west of the bridge and is slowly
pulled toward the audience. (Pg. 161)
SB Sunday afternoon religious services at the Auditorium will be
a permanent feature. (Pg. 162)
SB In view of the fact that the working classes are expected to
constitute a considerable portion of the Sunday Audience, due
to reduced admission, the bulk of program will be selections
not above the musical understandings of the ordinary individual.
SB Dr. Tamaiousian, a converted Turk, will give services in his
native language at the Streets of All Nations, for people of
his language. (Pg. 163)
EB W.F. Edwards of Dawson City, Klondike area, says people along
the North Pacific Coast know of the Expo and it is well
advertised, but Railroad and business people inclined to
induce people not to come, saying it is not worth the price.
He had been told he could stop in Omaha for ten days and then
resume his trip to Chicago, but was informed upon arrival here
that a stopover of over 12 hours would void his Chicago ticket.
SWH The World-Herald is investigating RR rates and has found some
conventions have secured lower rates than our Transportation
Dept. did for the T/M. (Pg. 165)
SB A whale, 55 feet in length, is the latest feature of the Midway. It
arrived yesterday and will be shown as soon as the enclosure can
be constructed. It is not alive, but is embalmed. (pg. 164)
SWH Catherine Brown, employed in the Agricultural Building,
indulged in a flirtation with an electric fan, to see how fast
it was moving...she inserted her finger. Hospital attendants
applied a bandage to the place where her fingernail ought to be.
SWH The phonographic reproduction of the squeals in the hog
killing establishment at South Omaha is one of the exhibits in
the Manufacturers Building. A lady visitor from out of town
asked where it was from...So. Omaha she was told. She looked
at him doubtingly before remarking, "It sounds very much like
the way they squeal at the packing house in Kansas City. Are
you sure there isn't some mistake?" She was assured that...
hogs squealed at South Omaha in the same language as that
employed at the mouth of the Kaw. (Pg. 166)
July 25, 1898 Indian Congress...Indians will appear on the lagoon to
EB demonstrate their skills with the oar...Special bath houses
are being built for them...all the food to be supplied by
Uncle Sam...cooking will be done over open fires to the rules
of each particular tribe. (Pg. 166)
WH Mr. F. T. Cummins has asked for permission to illuminate the
WH Guard E.S. Pollard covered himself with glory and mud yester-
day. A pair of horses pulling an ice wagon ran away down the
East Midway and would have run over a 6 year old girl had not
Pollard, who was off duty at the time, dashed in and rescued
her when she was almost under the feet of the horses.
WH Commandant Llewellyn and Captain Hare went around the grounds
yesterday securing evidence against parties for selling beer
on Sunday. Practically all the beer concessions ignore the
ban, taking the precaution to serve the amber fluid in cups
and saucers as cold tea... (Pg. 167
July 26, 1898 Receipts on the Midway are surprisingly high and in proportion
EB greater than at Nashville and Atlanta...Previous Expositions
concessionaires lost money...but at Omaha made money, almost
without exception. Aggregate receipts have exceeded entire
gate receipts... (Pg. 168)
EB The fish in the lagoon are starving. Bits of bread tossed in
bring hundreds to fight over it...Picnic parties would perform
a charitable act if they would throw left over bits into the
lagoon to feed the fish. (pg. 168)
EB Angus Morrison of Scotland, touring the U.S., visits the Expo
and says it is as good as any he has seen in the last 20
years...they are staying several extra days to see it all.
EB Souvenir postcards are available from U.S. Post Card Co., 215
NY Life Bldg. (Pg. 169)
WH The small gasoline launch "Admiral Dewey" was launched
yesterday. It was made to order in Racine, Wisc....seats 30 people.
Two more are coming, the Admiral Schley and Admiral Sampson.
July 27, 1898 Railroad rates are keeping people away...summer resort rates
WH are cheaper... (Pgs. 170 & 171)
EB Canada and Mexico were not invited to participate in the
Indian Congress, because the money Congress appropriated will
only pay expenses of American Indians. (Pg. 171)
EB An old Washington Hand Press is part of the Utah exhibit. It
was used at Kanesville (Council Bluffs) to print the first
paper, The Guardian, in these parts. (Pg. 173)
July 28, 1898 The California Gold Mine has changed to "Heaven & Earth"...
WH (Pg. 175)
WH Admission after 7:00 tonight will reduce to 25c for adults and
WH Several new Midway features...infant incubators...Solomon’s
Temple has been installed...Venetian gondolas on the east
midway that run by steam. They will run on land, but have the
same motion as ones on the lagoon. (Pg. 177)
July 29, 1898 Five new Midway shows will open by the middle of next week...
WH The Scenic Railroad opened June 20...4200 feet long...two
trips for 10c...so far 40M people have riden..10M on July 4th.
WH The coffin room of Heaven & Hell will be an exact reproduction
of the Cataret De La Morte at Paris. Beautiful maidens
dressed in widows weeds will serve refreshments in skulls to
patrons who are seated at coffins, which serve as tables.
Inferno will be reproduction of Dante's Inferno. It should
open by Aug. 15. (Pg. 181)
WH The Pabst Building is now featuring the dancer Tyrone, queen
of the French novelty house. (Pg. 181)
WH The new Khaki uniforms are in display in the Gov't Building.
There are new entrance/exit gates east & west of the
Horticulture building...east gate will afford access for the
Council Bluffs people...contract closed for 10 trains a day
from the Broadway crossing to the grounds.
July 30, 1898 The mammoth whale on display was captured off the coast of
WH Massachusetts in 1895...weighs 80M pounds and is 55 feet long...
WH When Allen Koch talks about the Monitor & Merrimac, listen...
he was in it!
WH The Agriculture Building is a paradise for sparrows.
Decorations of grain, straws and grasses furnish them with a
continual banquet. They have caused great annoyances...and
have built nests inside the building. (Pg. 183)
EB Indians arrive today...entrance to the grounds will be through
a gate at 20th St. just south of the Apiary Building.
A collection of souvenir medals has been donated to the Omaha
July 31, 1898 Council Bluffs fares to the Expo are 15c & 20c round-trip from
SWH Council Bluffs and 30c to Lake Manawa. (Pg. 186)
SB The Montana exhibit in the Agriculture Building...is a
mountain to the top of the gallery. (Pg. 188)
SB A ferryboat consisting of a single Navajo blanket will be on
the lagoon soon...as part of the New Mexico exhibit. It will
ferry two ladies across the water. (Pg. 189)
SB The gate that was just south of the viaduct has been moved to
a point just west of the Georgia Building (Lothrop & Sherman
Ave.?). The gate formally at Sherman & Locust was moved to the
SE corner of the grounds.
Aug. 1, 1898 The Indians enjoy riding the camels...one of the ostriches
WH panicked and jumped through the fence...a sword dancer was
stabbed on the grounds...lion tamer was bitten on his head...
the 10 year old son of Ching Ling Foo died suddenly. The
father, a magician, with tears in his eyes, still must
perform. The hearts of the Chinese performers are filled with
sorrow for the little athlete... (Pg. 1)
WH The X-Ray will open tomorrow...largest ever built...made to
order for show purposes only. (Pg. 1)
WH The Scenic Railroad, one of 6 in operation, is the largest and
most complete gravity-cable system in the country. It dashes
through grottos...and gives a fairyland picture when you
emerge from the tunnel to see Expo grounds. (Pg. 1)
(Ed. Note: This was an early roller coaster.)
Aug. 2, 1898 An Indian dance was part of the concert... (Pg. 5)
EB The Union Pacific will distribute 50M folders in the East on
the Expo...62 pages...with color pictures. (pg. 5)
EB All flags on the grounds will be at half-mast for the death of
WH The third wedding among Midway people took place at the Pabst
Building...both were from St. Louis and employed at the
building. 15M bags of confetti have arrived for the carnival..
WH Heaven and Hell will contrast Dore's Hell and Milton's Paradise...
WH Life-size statue of Bismark unveiled in honor of his death.
Aug. 3, 1898 First Spanish flag captured is being sent to the Expo...taken
EB Indian tribes...estimated 800 will be here...Sac & Fox from
Tama City, Ia.
EB Joseph Tossen, interpreter, served 3 years with the 2nd Nebr.
Cav. during the Civil War and is a prominent member of the
Tama GAR Post. His father was a full blooded Indian. (Pg. 8)
Aug. 4, 1898 A Whitehead torpedo, 15 feet long, will be on display in the
EB The miniature RR will be double tracked and extended to the
Transportation Building...New equipment for a second miniature
train ordered from Detroit, St. Louis (cars) and Schenectady,
N.Y. (engine). It is expected to be ready next week.
WH Indians enjoy trip to Old Plantation...compare snake dance to
buck & wing. Negroes and Indians develop profound friendship.
Mr. Millicon in charge of Old Plantation. (Pg. 9)
WH The stench from improperly flushed sewers around the Gov't
Building is almost unbearable. Expo officials blame city and
city officials blame Expo. Unless it is given proper attention it
cause a wide berth to be given to the area. (Pg. 10)
Aug. 5, 1898 Gen. James Longstreet is visiting the Expo...40 years since
his last visit here. (Pg. 14)
EB The captured Spanish flag is suspended from the ceiling in
Wattles office...in the Administration building. It was captured by
our boys from Ft. Crook, 22nd Inf., Company B.
EB One of the aides for Gov. Clough of Minn. drifted away long
enough to chase into a fake museum on 16th St., where for 10c
the patrons were regaled with delectable visions of tawdry
chromos of uncertain value. After showing the party around,
the lecturer informed the ladies and minors they were through,
however for 15c the men could see their "special bill". Most
of the men stayed. "Are you ready, Maud", shouted the
lecturer, metamorphosised into a stage manager with the easy
grace of an Omaha Chesterfield. "Not quite", was the feminine
reply. The crowd surged closer, eyes set forward in the
sockets like pigs at their matutinal trough. The curtain was
pulled aside. Maud was ready all right, and there was not a
wrinkle in her brand new bicycle suit either, that had not
been draped before the stage mirror. (Pg. 14)
EB A new pamphlet has been prepared by the Bureau of Publicity,
which includes some of the best views yet issued...shows the
buildings from different views...general views of midway...
landscape effects...large amount of descriptive matter.
EB The Indian Congress is the first gathering of so many
different tribes in one place. (Pg. 15)
Aug. 6, 1898 Indians and the Exposition...Horace Ribok, Tama, Iowa news-
WH paper editor and Indian agent, observes that the redmen coming to
the city remark on the changes they see...reflect on how it used to be
...the contrasts on the land as they used to know it and as it is today...
EB A floral flag of natural flowers was run up the staff...then
the flowers were picked off and given to the crowd. (Pg. 19)
EB A fire at the "Bombardment of Ft. Matanzas" has destroyed the
film. The film broke and one end flew against the machine
used for projecting the pictures. The film is of combustible
material and as soon as it came in contact with the electric
light it burned like loose powder. New film should arrive
in three to four weeks. (Pg. 20)
EB The carriage of Mrs. T.M. Orr in the flower parade almost
stampeded...the horses took fright and only quick action by
Capt. Haze and other policeman kept the horses under control.
EB & WH The fencing of the grounds has shut in the people on Manderson
Street on three sides...They were promised two gates through
which they could pass without annoyance...passes given to
some, but the majority are not provided for. Unless something
is done soon, (they) will chop down the fence. (Pg.22)
Aug. 7, 1898 Lincoln Funeral car is on display...Gov't Building has some
SB rare old legal books on display. (Pg. 30)
SB Exhibitors have signed a petition objecting to the Agriculture
Building closing at 6 P.M. each day. They want to stay open until
gates close, so more people can see the exhibits. (Pg. 30)
SB Here to fore the lights on the Grand Court were turned on at
8:30, but...now will be lighted 1/2 hour earlier. (Pg. 27)
SB Clinton Boydon, Omaha lad of 11, forced his finger into a bicycle that
was operated by electricity...He drew it back as soon as he could, but
not until it had been amputated up to the first joint. The job was
done as neatly as though done by a surgeon. (Pg. 27)
SB The Montgomery Ward Electric Carriage was on the Midway and was
the center of attention. There was great surprise on every face as
mysterious vehicle crept along...under perfect control. It would be
impossible for an accident to occur...as it can be stopped instantly...
and can dodge an object like a bird. (Pg. 29)
Aug. 8, 1898 Anti-Expo letter from Iowa-OMAHA AND HER SHOW by Mr. E.
Green Lemley, editor of the Clarion in Richland, Iowa. "The great (?)
EB Expo is a nonentity. It deserves the name Expo only because it
exposes the schemes of a set of rascals...You might call it a delusion
or a snare, but nobody is deluded or snared. If you planned to go to
Omaha, give it up...it is too expensive...Omaha has been called the
rival of Chicago. Better call her the rival of Council Bluffs, which is
neat, clean and full of business. Omaha is the deadest, dirtiest and
most dilapidated town ever seen...many of the plank walks have whole
planks missing, grass grows in the cracks in the sidewalks and the
streets are filthy...Omaha is already as dead as a mackerel and by the
time the fair is over there won't be enough of the town left to pay for
burying" (Pg. 26)
Aug. 9, 1898 Indian baby born in Camp...Mr. & Mrs. Spotted Back of the
EB Omaha Agency...had the first Indian child born in this vicinity in
some time. Curiously, the mother had been born within a mile
of the same spot 32 years earlier, under the bluff behind the
Nebraska Building, while passing through the area. They are
charging 25c to see "Little Spotted Back". (Pg. 35)
There is a movement to pay the admission for the poor who
cannot afford to, so that all will get to enjoy the sights of the Expo...
Aug. 11, 1898 First sham battle takes place. (Pg. 39)
Aug. 12, 1898 Apaches do not like the climate here...
EB Initial life saving exhibition takes place. (pg. 41)
EB Incubators, that started yesterday, are attracting interest
from the medical profession. They are glass and metal cases
heated to a certain temperature, into which enough air is
admitted to maintain life...until such time as infant is strong
enough for temperature of room. Yesterday two babies were put
in...85% of the babies using it have lived...intended for
weakly born who otherwise would pass away. (Pg. 42)
Opening of the new organ in Auditorium by Harrison Wild of
Chicago. (Pg. 41)
Aug. 14, 1898 Hospital wagon made 30 calls...none serious...
SB You can "see" for nothing, but it costs you 25c to "saw"...
SB Sights at the Moorish Palace...Marie Antoinette going to her
execution...a captive tortured at the stake...nymphs in bosky
dells with rocks & trees.
SB The explosion of the Maine is the prettiest little thing on
the grounds. The scene of ships riding at anchor in Havana
Harbor, the tropical storm, illumination of the city and the
sunrise are remarkably pretty. As for the explosion, it
wouldn't disturb a rabbit", relates Octave Thanet. (pg. 55)
SB There were only 75 Indians at the Chicago Worlds Fair...over
Aug. 15, 1898 Sick Indians...white man's medicine...several receive
EB treatment for ailments...leave convinced white man's medicine
has some merit. (Pg. 58)
EB The east gate at 20th & Manderson was moved up flush with 20th
St. to allow neighboring property owners to pass through
grounds. (Pg. 58)
EB Rev. Celia Parker Woolley of Chicago gives sermon in the
Auditorium. (Pg. 57)
Aug. 16, 1898 There will be a party of 300 from Frontier County. (Pg. 60)
EB Two thousand arrived by train today to visit the grounds.
WH Old plantation people Lizzie Sherman, female basso; Jim
Johnson, Sam Scott and Henry Knight, burlesque and barber
artists; and others receive invitations everyday to appear at
some sociable or entertainment. (Pg. 63)
Aug. 17, 1898 Indian Encampment accident...John Brush was thrown from
EB his horse and severely injured, (due to) a loose saddle girth. He
was dragged some distance and badly bruised on the shoulder,
side and hip. The horse also stepped on his hand and severed
his little finger. (Pg. 65 & 67)
WH Heaven and Hell has opened under its new name, "Darkness &
Dawn...From the time one enters the lobby, passes down the
descending passage into hell, until paradise is reached, one
finds himself back in the lobby by a different way...like a
weird drama. The idea of being served by widows and eating off
of coffins was not fascinating, but the reality was far from
horrible. A monk guides the way into the infernal regions...
St. Peter is on guard at the gates of Heaven...After climbing
the golden stairs a vista of a beautiful grotto, with
brilliant electric effects...glittering crystal stalactites...
all taking place upon the surface of a lake with electric
fountains. Beautiful maidens sing and dance under 60M candle
power of light. The menu consists of Schlitz Beer, mineral
water, fire water, lemonade, soda, burnt olives, sandwiches
ala Diablo, or brimstone wafers. (Pg. 69 & 70)
WH White & Colored Congress held its first meeting in the
Auditorium...questions between the races could be settled...
by an appeal to common manhood... (Pg. 67)
WH The Indians were given official badges... (Pg. 68)
Aug. 18, 1898 The concession known as "Birth of our Nation" was granted
permission (to change) to a restaurant.
(Ed. note: See Oct. 5, 1898 Livestock Exchange Rest.)
WH A worker at the Long Maned Horse concession was fired for
short changing visitors. (Pg. 67)
Aug. 19, 1898 Mixed Congress over...permanent organization provided for...
will meet yearly. E.R. Overall of Omaha is president...
Declarations of societies object formulated. (Pg. 72)
Serious accident in the Wild West Show. A race between
WH Mexicans, Indians, cowboys and ladies was nearing the close,
when the horse ridden by Green Rainbard, who was in the lead,
stumbled and fell with the rider underneath. All passed by
except Ed Berger, a cowboy, whose horse ran into the Indians
horse, throwing him 20 feet. Both riders were carried off
badly injured. (Pg. 76)
Aug. 20, 1898 Eastern people of the U.S. now know of the Expo due to an
article by Leslies.
EB The South Side Improvement Club wants to buy the Minnesota
Building and move it to Riverview Park...which has no shelter now.
EB The second object of the Expo was to impress upon visitors the
promise held by the T/M regions as a field for profitable
investment. (Pg. 78)
Aug. 21, 1898 John R. Key, landscape artist, is painting scenes of the
SB TME...four will be sent to the Paris Expo in 1900. Six are
completed...plans 12 more. (Pg. 78)
SB Mystery of the women’s outfit left in the Ag. Building...A
female worker discovered a full suit of womanize clothing in the
women’s restroom. It included everything usually worn between
the hat and the stockings. How they got there (and who they
belong to) is a mystery. The clothing is of fine material and
perfectly clean...the kind worn by a women of good standing...
Detectives made a thorough search and have questioned the
guards and janitors... (Pg. 80)
SWH Waiters at the casinos go on strike... (Pg. 82)
SWH The much heralded painting "Trilby" by Ashley Cooper was
placed on exhibition last Thursday in the Tribly Temple on the
east midway. One thousand people passed through in first three
hours. The picture is highly endorsed by eastern critics and
press. To say it is wonderful and grand but mildly expresses
it. It is a beautiful vision of DeMauriers heroine posing for
the life class, standing on a pedestal in an alcove. The
effect produced on canvas has never been equaled...you believe
you are looking at a living model. The relief is so wonderful
that the figure appears to be three feet from the canvas...her
pose is one of grace and charm. (Pg. 84)
SWH Special rates by the railroads for children’s excursions to the
Expo...Elkhorn RR train from York to Morse Bluff, including
Gresham, David City, & Linwood; Thursday the Burlington ran a
special for Lincoln, Waverly, Havelock, Greenwood and Ashland;
Friday the U.P. runs a special from Columbus & points between;
Saturday the MOPAC will have a special. The U.P. special
brought in 350 children. (Pgs. 83 & 103)
Aug. 22, 1898 The Streets of India, from Coney Island, N.Y., will be here by
EB It is costing $2000 a day to run the Expo...attendance is from
everywhere. (Pg. 85)
EB The Colored Editors in town for a convention visited the
exposition...after a short speech, Col. Richardson escorted
them around the grounds. (pg. 89)
WH Some time ago, management put a lot of free ice water tanks on the
grounds, but after a few days the ice supply was dis-continued
because the ice water concessionaires were complaining ...The tanks
serve now only to keep management in hot water. The kicking of the
public is having its effect, as free ice water is again on tap. A further
result is that guards are to levy any slot machine...that is not working
and take it to the station. This applies to machines for ice water, gum,
candy and post cards. In as much as the water tanks weigh about 200
pounds when its digestive apparatus is unimpaired, the sight of a
guard leading one of them to the station will furnish extra
entertainment for visitors. (Pg. 83 & 86)
Aug. 24, 1898 A touch of prudery was manifested when guards were sent to
WH round up...the netoscopes and artoscopes that have been displaying
views of living pictures and reproductions of famous paintings and
statuary. It was stated...that the pictures were immoral. In view of
the fact that none begins to compare with some of the sights in several
concessions, the action occasioned considerable comment. (Pg. 92)
EB One of John Keys paintings of the Exposition grounds is on
display at the Whitmore gallery on Dodge Street. He is about
to publish twelve views of the Exposition. (Pg. 91)
WH Too near the buzzsaw...One of the operators of the circular
Venetian Gondola got too close while it was in operation and
received a blow to the head that required stitches. (Pg. 91)
WH Value of Expositions...They bring together all the people of
different locations and of different sections of the country.
These people see and hear, examine and study, and their minds
develop and grow by what they have fed upon...The splendid
exhibits are not the only educational factors of the Expo.
Various conventions and gatherings daily wield a progressive
influence whose value cannot be calculated...
From an address by W. T. Howard of the Schuyler Sun (pg. 94)
Aug. 25, 1898 The Giant See-Saw, designed by A. J. Dyer of Nashville, has
WH 200,000 pounds of steel...and is built on a "safety factor of
nine", meaning it can carry nine times it's possible load.
Trainmen ignore the gate by the Horticulture Building and take
visitors to the gate under the viaduct. (Pg. 100)
EB The Indians have opened a store on the south side of grounds.
There is an exhaustive article on the Nebraska exhibits in
EB The hospital treated 29 cases... (Pg. 103)
EB The Railroads are reporting heavy passenger traffic. Splendid
amount of traffic coming in every day. Incoming crowds
continue to increase in size and frequency. (Pg. 103)
Aug. 27, 1898 The Plantation was closed...due to failure to pay his account
to the Expo.
EB To help poor children of Lincoln & other cities-free admission
The New York Building is a very hospitable building... Pg. 105
The German Village has a trapeze act and a horizontal bar
Mrs. Wakefield is keeping a scrapbook...only one known to be
EXC Omaha stamps...third special issue...first with American
designs...1876 issue...by Mekeels of St. Louis. (Pg. 106)
Aug. 29, 1898 The South Side Improvement Club is negotiating for the
WH Minnesota Building.
EB The first death in the Indian village is a Sioux child, who
had been sick for several weeks. Funeral services were held
in a downtown Catholic Church. The child's father, Mr. Joseph
Schuster, is an interpreter. (pg. 113)
EB Another injury in the Wild West Show...Earnest Mattox was
injured by a shot from one of the guns used in the exhibition.
A soap wad struck him on the knee cap...bone not broken but
severely injured. (Pg. 113)
EB Three thousand Japanese lanterns will illuminate the grounds
Friday night. Admission Monday & Thursday night will be 15c
and 25c. (Pg. 113)
EB Guard arrests man with unauthorized camera...J. H. McDonald
says he was arrested for resenting brutality to his wife. A
guard took an untagged camera from his wifes hands...in a
rough manner. He showed his permit and pass, but the guard
was not satisfied...after some vigorous language the guard
took the camera and refused to give a receipt for it. Further
demands by Mr. McDonald led to his arrest and a night in jail.
Aug. 30, 1898 Old Plantation reopened... (Pg. 115)
WH The war balloon that was at Santiago was shot to pieces, is not
the one here, but it will be sent here in case it is needed.
WH The Dry Dock in the Gov't Bldg. is a model of one at Puget
Sound...This is the first time a dry dock model has been exhibited.
WH Reports and comments from newspapers in Holdrege, Arlington,
Greenwood, Fullerton, Havelock, Schuyler. (Pg. 116)
Hawaii exhibit will feature dance...will be housed in new
building on North Midway.
Bids for construction of Hog/sheep pens and cattle/horse barns
EB Bill Cody Day...parade...Col Cody will enter grounds ahead of
his Congress of All Nations at Sherman Ave viaduct gate...exit
through gates at rear of Girls and Boys Building. Combined
with our Indian Congress...will represent 100 tribes and 35
different nations... (Pg. 117)
Aug. 31, 1898 Cody Day..(Cody's people) massed in front of the Band Stand...
EB then proceeded up the East Midway over the North viaduct along
West Midway...north along 20th St. to Indian encampment...
counter marched to Administration Arch...passed behind the
Girls & Boys building to Sherman Ave. (Pg. 119 & 121)
EB A fire almost destroyed the Trilby painting. (Pg. 119)
Sept. 1, 1898 Belle Carmen, the Cuban beauty, has created a sensation with
WH her electric light dance. She appears on stage decorated with
hundreds of varied colored lights. The handsome Armond also
appears decorated with lights at the end of the act and they
entertain as a duet. (Pg. 122)
EB Cody performs at Wild West Show... (Pg. 124)
EB Iowa Building pipe organ removed...manufactured in Mason City,
it never worked right. It was returned to the maker. pg. 124
EB The passenger equipment of Omaha lines is being severely
tested...running short of cars...unusually heavy traffic...
record breaking trains.
Burlington adds another train...people taking trips through
surrounding country while here. (Pg. 125)
EB The imposing main entrance is least known to public...street
car route is unreliable...people who use them left at back
door on 24th St. or at Sherman Avenue gate. (pg. 125)
Sept. 2, 1898 Fire in a booth at Streets of All Nations burns two...loss
WH less than $25.00.
Grand Army week October 10-15... (Pg. 127)
Sept. 3, 1898 Wild West Show rider to lose leg...Lecio Maldona, Mexican
EB rider, received an injury to his right leg a month ago and
began to ride again before it was entirely well. The result
is a case of bone disease, which caused his leg to snap in two
…indications are that it will have to be amputated. (Pg. 130)
Sept. 4, 1898 Indian deeds of violence...scalp white men...taste blood...
SB only those that had taken a human life allowed in war dance in
old days. (Pg. 132)
SB About fifty orphans from St. James Orphanage in Benson at the
Expo last Tuesday...They were given special treatment and
courtesies by all. (pg. 133)
SB Civil War Veteran recovers photograph lost in the mail years
before. J.J. Gorman of the Omaha Street Railway Co., had sent
it from Indianapolis to South Bend, while serving with the
86th Ind. Inf. It has been in the dead letter exhibit for 35
years. At the end of the war over 5000 such photos were
unclaimed and Post Office has used such exhibits in hopes of
identification. Up to now 2000 have been claimed. His daughter
identified the photo on Aug. 13 and claimed it. (Pg. 134)
SB Over 100 postcards mailed at the T/M undeliverable because of
no address...nice messages on back, but people forgetting to
put addresses. One of the most interesting specimens in the
exhibit is a bomb addressed to Senor Eulate, commander of the
Spanish ship Vizcaya, to be delivered when the ship is at
anchor in N.Y. harbor. It was sent in the cause of Cuba's
freedom. Another is a revolver in a box, so connected that
the weapon would discharge in direction of the person undoing
the lid...it was mailed by a rejected suitor of a Baltimore lady.
WH World Herald believes Expo could be reopened and held in
Sept/Oct 1899. (Pg. 134)
Sept. 5, 1898 A rainbow arched over the Bluffs Tract and the Grand Court,
EB and under its prismatic hues the white buildings presented as
pretty a picture as ever lay outdoors. (Pg. 135)
EB Sermon for Orientals by Bishop of Orthodox Greek Church at
Streets of all Nations. The Rt. Rev. Archimandrite Raphael
camp to the Expo direct from Russia. (pg. 135)
EB Warfare on sparrows in Ag. Bldg...22 cal. rifles used...only 3 killed.
EB Fish in lagoon used to restock tanks in Gov't Bldg...carp,
perch, sunfish & catfish...use nets to catch them... (Pg. 135)
The Boston Transcript of Aug. 24 contained two articles about
the Expo written by Miss Ellenore Dutcher.
Sept. 6, 1898 War Dept. exhibit will add a gattling gun, hotchkiss gun and
WH 3.2" & 3.6" mortars this week...mock naval battle during
Jubilee week... (Pg. 138)
Sept. 7, 1898 The lake on North Tract at point where fireworks displayed
WH will be enlarged for a mimic naval battle at the Peace Jubilee.
There will be thirty ships of various kinds, 15 to 21 feet long...
(Ed. note: Page 139 says the battle will be on the lagoon.)
WH Alle Baba, one of the whirling and howling dervishes in the Streets of
Cairo, was doing his contortion dance and had just driven a steel
poniard through his flesh, when a nervous old lady, who claimed to
be a chief of some society, rushed in and drew out the poniard. She
began to harangue the crowd regarding the horrors of such heathenish
practices to a civilized audience. She was cheered lustily by the crowd,
but Alle Baba said many curious things under his breath, evidently
not complimentary to old ladies and their societies. (Pg. 138)
WH Indians are allowed to perform war dance and ghost dance at
Expo,...which they are not allowed to do on the reservations.
EB No soldiers in next Indian battle...Teepees will be moved back
so whole field can be occupied. (pg. 139)
Sept. 9, 1898 Belles of Nebraska at Expo...Misses O'Shea and Harper are
WH engaged this week in the Nebraska section of the education exhibit.
EB Work of Publicity Dept...on Sept. 4, the N.Y. Tribune had a
supplement of a full page of half-tones; Aug. 28 San Francisco
Daily Call had a half page devoted to the Expo; Buffalo, N.Y.
Daily Courier publishes half-tones from time to time; Aug. 20
San Francisco Wave had a whole page of half-tones; Youth's
Companion had nearly a full page and Remarques of New York
devoted a page to a half-tone of the medallion's composite
women's picture. (Pg. 143)
EB War balloons arrive...two large and 20 small signal balloons.
Sept. 10, 1898 Log rolling contest during Lumbermens Day. (Pg. 146)
Sept. 11, 1898 Run in because he laughed. John Denver, visiting Lumbermen,
SB gave his Hoo-Hoo yell in rousing fashion at 16th & Farnam. An
ignorant and blundering policeman ran him in for making a loud
and unusual noise. He was released on a small bond. (Pg. 148)
Sept. 12, 1898 Frank Hibbard, an Irvington farmer, will pay admission price
WH for all pupils in public schools of Union Precinct. (Pg. 148)
Sept. 13, 1898 Art at the Exposition. (Pg. 151)
Sept. 15, 1898 Gerinimo arrives...P.O.W. status of braves... Pg. 153 & insert
"Musical Critic"...insert of monthly out of Chicago concerning
music at the Expo. (Pg. 155)
Sept. 18, 1898 Bald Eagle in a fix...Turning Eagle's hard luck... (pg. 164-5)
WH Children’s Day..300 get free admission courtesy of Mr. Hibbard.
WH "Musical Critic" of Chicago criticizes bands at Expo. Pg. 167
Sept. 19, 1898 What's the matter with Missouri...incomprehensible not more
WH evidence of Missouri at the Expo. (Pg. 170)
(Ed. Note: St. Louis was already working for a World's Fair
in 1903, which may have effected their effort at our Expo.)
Sept. 21, 1898 Influx of strangers...unfamiliar faces on grounds...Hawkeyes
flock to grounds.
EB Psycho and The automaton Rolla...The Temple of Psycho offers
fascinating features. Psycho...is the head and shoulders of
an Egyptian boy clothed in oriental costume...constructed of
wire and wax. The figure sets on a base which rests on a
transparent glass tube, which shows there is no connection of
the figure to the floor. In front of Psycho are cards bearing
numerals from 1 to 0. Psycho will pickup any of these cards
as named by the Audience. Rolla is even more mysterious. A
curtain is drawn back and reveals the head and body of a
beautiful woman resting on a wooden pedestal. Visitors may
step up and investigate the marvel...shake hands, talk with
her, but they cannot discover that Rolla has any lower limbs..
and there is nothing that could possibly hide the remainder of the
figure...The lecturer is obliged to assure there is a trick about it, to
dispel the conviction it is really a half woman. (Pg. 169)
Sept. 22, 1898 30M arrive by train...mostly from Iowa...10M enter gates in
WH one hour...Street cars very taxed all day...30M Iowa Day
button badges prepared. (Pgs. 178-9)
Sept. 23, 1898 800 Lincoln children attend...admission paid by D.E.Thompson
EB of Lincoln. (Pg. 181)
Sept. 24, 1898 Captured Brass Spanish cannon to be on display...a 6" and
WH three 4" antiquated guns have been shipped to Omaha. (Pg. 182)
(Ed. Note: Was one of these later in Hanscom Park?)
Sept. 25, 1898 The Exposition is out of debt. (Pg. 185)
WH Exposition of 1899...There is no reason to doubt that...the
enterprise can be carried forward to 1899 and the results
would be even greater than the present year. (Pg. 184)
Sept. 27, 1898 The new show, "In Gay Paris", opened a few days ago on the
WH west Midway, has sprung into popularity. Among the moving
pictures presented is that of Little Egypt, who created such a
sensation at the Seeley supper in New York City. There are
eleven others being shown. (pg. 193)
WH Wonderful magician on Midway...Ching Ling Foo, from Pekin, is
the best ever seen in this country. His company consists of
himself; his wife; slack wire performer, Gee Fook Quai; Sui
Gee Ti, the 2 1/2 year old singer and dancer; Hoin Foo Quai,
juggler; and Duck Fook, horizontal bar performer and acrobat.
EB Nebraska Territory Pioneers Assoc. sent over 500 circulars out
calling attention to Old Settlers Day Sept. 30th. (Pg. 192)
EB Friday will be school children’s day...urging schools throughout
the state to cancel school so kids can come to the fair...
special rate of 15c. (Pg. 193)
First ascension of war Balloon...featuring a parachute leap by
WH Jimmi. one of the baby skeletons from Darkness and Dawn...
jumped at 2500 feet and drifted away...anyone finding him
please notify the people at Darkness and Dawn. (Pgs. 193-4)
So that poor children of Omaha may attend, a special rate of 10c
was set for Oct. 8, with Home Fire Insurance Co. picking up the tab.
Sept. 28, 1898 Sham battle canceled because Mercer refuses to pay 20% of
EB sales of seats at sham battle to Expo officials. (Pg. 195)
Sept. 29, 1898 It is estimated that at least 1000 people from Chicago will
WH attend on Chicago Day...100 sleeper cars will be needed.
Sept. 30, 1898 The mammoth whale has never enjoyed such immense patronage.
WH It has been exhibited in all the principal cities, at all Expo's since the
Worlds Fair, but attendance here exceeds all others.
WH An Exposition in 1899 is meeting with favor in some quarters..
states like Missouri that weren't here would come. (Pg. 201)
EB School children are all over grounds...delegations from
Hastings, Holdrege, Beatrice, Wymore, Blair, Kearney... (Pg. 205)
Oct. 1, 1898 Veterans of the 1st Iowa Cav. were all over the grounds with
EB their yellow badges...Convention being held in Council Bluffs.
Special plush blue silk badges were made by the Cook County
(ILL.) Marching Club for their appearance here.
WH Special Railway cars brought 12 coach loads of children from
St. Paul, 3 from Columbus and 10 from Minden. (Pg. 9)
Oct. 2, 1898 A Fox Indian named Natawattamie (Pewah Nataw Atie) died of
SB fever. During one of the sham battles he stepped on a nail and
it became infected. He declined modern medicine, preferring
native remedies, but they did not work. He was taken to the
hospital, where his condition worsened. He requested to be
taken home, but died soon after. Placed in his coffin to aid
him in his long journey were the following items. A ham
sandwich, several doughnuts, a pie, a half pound of candy, a
pipe and package of smoking tobacco, a plug of chewing
tobacco, and a pail of water in case he got thirsty. He was
buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery. (Pg. 16-17 & 19)
SWH Attendance has exceeded that in the Nashville and Atlanta
Expositions. In 6 months Nashville had 1,703,328 attendance
and Atlanta 1,287,863. (Pg. 16)
SWH Ching Ling Foo performed several new tricks at the Chinese
Village. In one he severs the head of a lad at the shoulders,
then stops the flow of blood and puts the head back on the
lads shoulders. To everyone’s amazement the boy then turns and
walks off the stage. (Pg. 17)
Oct. 3, 1898 A remarkable steel roadway was laid down on the upper Midway
WH just north of the Dairy building. It consists of two parallel
plates of steel, each 8" wide, 3/8" thick, set in cement on a
base of broken rock. They are set 7 1/2 feet apart, the width
of an ordinary road vehicle, and held together with iron ties
to prevent spreading. Martin Dodge, Gov't road expert, claims
this is what roads should be in the future. (Pg. 17)
Indians at Expo...volunteers, not forced to come...500 Indians
representing 35 tribes...some tribes had never met before...
most unique and interesting feature of the Exposition.
(From an article in Home Magazine of Wash. D.C.) (Pg. 19)
Oct. 5, 1898 Fakirs in Agricultural Building are causing quite a problem.
EB During the summer, these exhibitors (vendors) set up outside on the
grounds selling their cheap jewelry and trinkets, but have crowded
into the building since the weather turned cold, blocking the aisles.
They are often quite rude to people, particularly women, who are
trying to view the exhibits. (Pg. 24)
The Old Plantation program is much improved. It is a great show
WH featuring a cake walk, camp meeting,...dancing and quartet singing.
The price has been reduced from 20c to 10c. (Pg. 26)
WH The Livestock Exchange, the new place near the stock exhibit,
is a success. It has cold beer on tap and fresh sandwiches.
WH There will be special badges for the children that participate
in the Children’s Jubilee chorus. (Pg. 27)
WH The treasury is out of indebtedness, showing a $ 84,107
balance. A 45% dividend is now expected. (Pg. 27)
WH The Wild West Show will not be able to hold bull fights, as the bulls
ordered are being held in Kansas City in quarantine and they can't get
them out. They will be sold or sent back to Mexico. (Pg. 27)
WH Past GAR Commander T.S.Clarkson of Omaha has invited all
Confederate Veterans to attend the Peace Jubilee. (Pg. 27)
Oct. 6, 1898 100 orphan children, 6 to 12 years old, from the Christian Home
WH in Council Bluffs attended the Expo courtesy of the Omaha Bridge &
Terminal Co. The Company gave them free passage and paid the
special admission price of $1.00 for groups of ten. Several Midway
operators cut their prices in half for them, when they heard who they
were. A very moving scene occurred when the proprietor of Streets of
Cairo asked them to sing. Amid all the noise of the speilers and the
crowd, they began, causing everyone else to suddenly stop to listen.
Oct. 7, 1898 Expositions are educators according to Toledo, Ohio Mayor
EB Jones. In a speech here during Ohio Day he noted, "Expositions
bring a more valuable lesson in spreading the idea of
democracy, than in any other way...helping us loosen the sense
of class consciousness...that has divided us into sects and
factions. We learn through efforts like these in Omaha that
we truly are one people." (Pg. 30-31)
Oct. 8, 1898 The Board of Directors will provide $ 10,000 for a history of
WH the Exposition. (Pg. 34)
WH "The Exposition has given Omaha a great opportunity. No
American city that held a major exposition has escaped a
reactionary period. Omaha's work will begin with the closing
of the Exposition. Will the closing of the gates bring good or
ill to Omaha? Stop now and the only thing remaining is the
Omaha of yesterday...continue to work unitedly, unselfishly,
liberally and the greater Omaha of tomorrow will (continue) to
expand in population and health. Will she rise to it and grasp
it in its fullness? (Omaha) is now looked upon throughout
the country and overseas as having all the elements for growth
and expansion. She will seriously disappoint if she fails,
through inertia or the tired feeling that is usually prevalent
at the close of a large Expo, to reap all the rewards her
courage has entitled her to. Omaha has never shown a weak
side, will she now?" These words come from John Ryckman of
the Chicago Chronicle. (Pg. 34)
EB 1500 school children attend...Pawnee City-150, Beatrice-300,
Wymore-300, Crete-150, Blue Springs, Dewitt, Liberty.
Oct. 9, 1898 Two visitors from New York rode the miniature railway...
SB Chauncey Depew and S.R. Callaway, President of the NY Central,
both prominent Railroaders back east. They found the ride
rather bumpy. (Pg. 42)
EB Do Expositions pay? Many questioned whether the Expo would
benefit Omaha. Although the Chicago Worlds Fair was an
artistic success, a financial distress followed in its wake.
The Atlanta Expo was considered a partial failure...and the
success of the Nashville Fair is open to question...Time has
justified expectations of the men who bore the burdens of
financing & promoting the Expo...It has compelled recognition
all over the country that the TME is second only to the 1893
World's Fair. The effect on the rest of the country is
amazing. The promoters of the Pan American Expo will revise
their project in view of Omaha's success and St. Louis is now
discussing a celebration of the Louisiana Purchase in 1903...
Our city has been lifted to a higher plane and a city which
can prove itself equal to such a task is entitled to and will
receive the (praise) for years to come. (Pg. 42)
SB Mothers Congress...mothers gather together to discuss welfare
of children...Miss Moten of Wash. D.C. was applauded... (Pg. 42-43)
SWH The architect of the Pan American Expo in 1901 is in town to
study the buildings and general architecture of the grounds.
SWH Two carloads of little people from Emerson and intervening
points arrive. (Pg. 44)
Oct. 10, 1898 A new concert "A Day at the Exposition" will be given Oct. 23.
WH It will describe the Expo in music, not only the sights and
sounds of the Expo proper, but also the music and scenes of
the Midway. Mechanical stage effects will suggest the Chutes,
the clinking of the turnstile gates, the concession speilers,
the trolley cars, Hagenbacks along with the music and sounds
of the Streets of Cairo and the Chinese villages and others.
(Ed. note: See Oct. 23 also) (Pg. 46)
Oct. 15 will be another children’s day with admission rate of
15c and souvenir medals for those in the chorus.
WH Another rider injured in the Wild West show. Floyd Bower was
thrown from his horse and suffered internal injuries, but he
should be all right.
EB Officers from the Pan American Expo are getting ideas from
EB Geronimo talked about resisting the white man...years ago I
thought I could whip the whole United States, but since I have
been around I have changed my mind. Since coming to Omaha, I
have learned that the white man is more numerous than leaves
on a tree or blades of grass on the prairies. When I was young and
a fool...I was told and believed there were (only a few white people).
I went to war and suffered...It was the best thing that ever happened
to me, for it taught me I was not the only person in the world. My
days of fighting are over...I want to meet the President and tell him
I am a friend. (Pg. 48)
Oct. 11, 1898 Omaha must meet the emergency...Omaha Bee urges public halls
EB to open to the public every available place to strangers
unable to find lodging. (Pg. 49)
EB Cudahy is putting out a tablet bearing McKinley’s likeness as a
Peace Jubilee souvenir. (Pg. 51)
EB A Missourian is rescued in lagoon after his boat tips over.
Willaim Pettker fell into the water near the bridge and had to
be rescued by the life saving crew. He said the boat was not
like the ones he was used to.
EB Free lodging for visitors...County commissioners have decided
to open the doors of the Court House...for those unable to
secure places to sleep...Court rooms will be open and people
may occupy benches...in addition 100 cots and mattresses,
normally used by jurors, will be available...The Knights of
Aksarben will open the castle, which is the old coliseum
building on north 20th, no beds or bunks, but shelter available.
To lessen the jam for tickets at the Peace Jubilee, admission
tickets will be sold at 14th & Farnam, the only place not on
the grounds selling tickets.
Oct. 12, 1898 The city is overfilled...fifty stay in Courthouse overnight...
WH thousands have to walk streets seeking a place to stay.
North-South handshaking jubilee... (Pg. 62)
EB The Burlington Railroad headquarters building was specially
decorated with the Presidents image. A searchlight was on top
the building and it light the pathway from the depot to the
reviewing stand. On the front was a large electric crescent with a
portrait of McKinley...and the word welcome in red lights above it.
EB L .S. Gates of Iowa drops dead while giving speech at Expo.
Mr. Gates stopped part way through his speech saying, "I'll
have to quit", and slumped into his chair. It was thought he
had fainted, but he had been stricken with apoplexy and died
15 minutes later. (Pg. 69)
Oct. 13, 1898 There will be special rates for the children on Oct. 17 during
WH Deaf and Dumb Day...some Midway attractions will give free
WH Colored lights outline downtown Omaha skyline...Besides the
14,000 lights of the Exposition...the domes, towers and
cornices of the great buildings were outlined in liquid gold
against a deep blue sky and rosettes, crosses & bouquets of
red, green and yellow on other structures could be seen from
the Expo grounds. (Pg. 74)
EB Indian Education a waste according to Geronimo...He mourns the
departed glory of his race, but sees no future for the present
generation of Indians. He considers it a waste of money to
educate Indians in the present system. The theory is that
educated youths will go back and influence others, like
missionaries,...but instead return to old ways... (Pg. 86)
Oct. 14, 1898 Wife of Gov.-Elect of Oregon, T.T. Geer dies of asthma while
WH at the Exposition. (Pg. 90)
EB Meeting of Gen. Miles and Geronimo...embraced each other and
after greetings Gen. Miles pins his T/M Peace Jubilee Badge on
Geronimo. They then sit down and watch sham battle together.
Oct. 15, 1898 Little Horn, a Wichita Indian, suffered real wound during
EB sham battle. He fell in front of horses and received cuts and
bruises in a dozen places.
EB Mme Canniac, female leopard tamer, is clawed...terribly
lacerated in the left shoulder, arm and hand. (Pg. 95)
EB More children arrive...Stromsburg, Table Rock, Lincoln,
Emerson, St. Paul, Tecumseh, Hiawatha (KS), Tekamah-350,
Nebraska City-350. (Pg. 95)
Oct. 16, 1898 Midway is nice to children...free camel rides, 2-3 enter on one
SB ticket at Hagenbacks, Streets of All Nations and Chute the Shoots.
SB Miniature Kiowa Camp on display...80 foot diameter...80 teepees
each prepared by members of the camp, each different, as it
is the custom that no one imitate in any way the property of
another family. Hence it is of great ethnological value in
the study of Indian heraldry... (Pg. 101-2)
WH Explanation of symbolism on diplomas...lower right corner is a
figure representing Nebraska, upholding agricultural products of
the state, while at her feet horticulture products lie in profusion.
the left stands "Fame", reaching for her scroll while at her feet are
emblems of art, science, music and manufacture. Above the figures
is a cornice line of the seals of the states of the T/M region. The
motto "Peace Has Her Victories, As Well As War" (sits above the seals).
Surmounting this in the center is a fragment from Martins
"Agriculture" with manufacturing and liberal arts symbolized on
the left and mining on the right. (Pg. 102)
WH More children from south of Omaha...1000 from Manhatten, KS,
1000 from Stromsburg area, 1000 from Table Rock area.
Oct. 17, 1898 Snow storm strikes Omaha!! 3" of snow on the ground closes
EB the Midway. Slush everywhere...several thousand still come
out to the grounds. (Pg. 105)
WH Echoes of McKinley Day...little girl pushed through crowd of
soldiers and gave President a rose...draping of American,
Cuban and Hawaiian flags.
EB Liberal Religion Congress held...all shades of Christian,
Jewish and Rationalistic belief are to be represented.
EB Ten Spanish cannon displayed in front of Gov't Bldg...French
manufacture, possibly captured during Napoleons Spanish campaign?
Oct. 18, 1898 Surplus funds are the property of the stockholders according
WH One of the soldiers of Co. G, 2nd Nebr. disposed of a
pestiferous individual who kept trying to crowd between lines.
He was at present arms...ordered to order arms. Innocently
raising his gun about 3 feet, he let it drop, squarely
striking the toes of the man. With a yell and a bound, the
nuisance went up into the air and was never seen afterward.
EB 6000 stockholders in the Exposition... (Pg. 112)
WH Apaches in particular suffer from cold...with their frail
teepees, which are made of only saplings covered with animal
skin...where they come from it never snows and seldom rains.
The Indian men were given new underwear, sweaters and outer
garments...women given wool clothing & calico for dresses.
All got new shoes. (Pg. 112)
About 20 Crow Indians left for their homes in Montana...
WH A Christmas day at the Exposition... (Pg. 111)
1139 Fremont children attend...cold, wet, some nearly frozen.
WH Slips at Exposition...Frank Claufen, Minden farmer, slipped
and fell, breaking his right leg...Miss Stettesman, employed
at the Manufacturers Building, fell and fractured a knee cap.
Oct. 19, 1898 What will be the fate of the lagoon? The Park Board appears
EB to have but one sentiment...if it is possible it should be
retained, but in a quandary...(how to) accomplish it. The land
on east and west ends must be furnished...problem is raising
money. Kountz Park extends only from 19th to 21st Streets...
in order to preserve lagoon, it will be necessary to purchase
two more blocks (on each end). (Pg. 113)
EB UNL Alumni bid to buy the big organ in the Auditorium...$4500
of the $7000 cost has already been raised. It has been
decided to call upon each graduate of the University for a
subscription of $10.00. (Pg. 113)
Oct. 20, 1898 Railroads lower rates to lowest rates ever offered, but for
EB-WH one week only. (Pg. 114/117)
WH Board of Directors will call for bids for property as soon as
the gates close. (Pg. 114)
WH Fire endangers buildings...Storekeeper Snyder was warming up a
pan of oil in the Service building, when it began blazing... there were
visions of an explosion, before the fire department arrived. (Pg. 115)
WH It is very cold in the Agriculture Building because no oil
stoves or other heating devices permitted. (Pg. 115)
Saturday Oct. 22 will have free admission for children.
George Mey, a Homeless urchin living at the ostrich farm,...
WH fell from the roof. He was half unconscious from cold and hunger.
WH Now is time for Omaha to secure lasting memorial to Expo...
EB (The Exposition) has brought to the city millions in money and
thousands of influential people, whose future investment will
do much for the building of (Omaha)...according to J.E. Utt
Secretary of the Omaha Commercial Club. (Pg. 117)
EB The Livestock Show ended today. (Pg. 120)
EB Busy day...cold has hurt attendance somewhat, but made for...a
lot of trade downtown. Visitors caught in summer clothes...
(made) purchases of heavy underwear and from shoe stores.
Oct. 21, 1898 Due to free admission 4m to 5m children are expected.
EB Geronimo is in no hurry to leave...being treated well and
making money selling autographs and pictures. (Pg. 121)
EB Indians boycott reenactment of death of Sitting Bull, when
they see his spirit in the log cabin erected for the
re-enactment showing how he was murdered. The cabin is said to
be exactly similar to the one where the crime was committed.
The Indians had been rehearsing when suddenly it was called
off. Noone knew why until Joe Whitehorse, a Blackfoot,
confided the reason. Several of the Sioux were passing the
cabin when they saw a light shining through the door. Looking
in they say Sitting Bull sitting in front of a fire. Suddenly
a man appeared behind him...and delivered a blow to Sitting
Bull's head...immediately the lights went out. No Indian has
gone in since. Some Apaches of Geronimo's band, who were to
occupy it during the balance of their stay, also have declined.
Oct. 22, 1898 Selling the Expo...Montana Building only permanent
structure, can be sold as a residence…several delegations
WH left for home...19 Blackfoot, 28 Sac/Fox, 9 Tonkemas,
19 Ponca and 1 Arapahoe family. (Pg. 123)
Eight carloads of Norfolk children...
The sale of paintings and statuary will take place first three
days of November.
WH Everyone wants a relic...a scramble at the Indian village for
souvenirs. Pueblo pottery gave out yesterday...moccasins and
bows & arrows going rapidly...extra guards put around buildings.
WH The cars in the Giant Seesaw were made very comfortable...they
were enclosed in glass and stoves put in them. (Pg. 124)
EB Trunk Day...the Indians bought about 400-500 trunks for carrying
the numerous souvenirs they picked up at the Expo. Money was
plentiful from the dividend for reserved seats on Peace Jubilee Day.
Each brave was paid $8, each woman $4, each child $2.
EB The Indians won't wear the warm clothing issued...a young buck
who ought to have been in the hospital, walked around barefoot
and not enough clothing to flag a wheelbarrow. (Pg. 122)
EB Major Clarkson made up a Christmas package for the Thurston
Rifles in Manila...125 illustrated brochures, programs, box of
EB The stock barns will be removed as soon as possible, as they
pose a fire threat to the entire grounds. (Pg. 122)
Oct. 23, 1898 Some working on a museum for Omaha...now is the time to
secure curios and rare collections from exhibits... (Pg. 126)
SB The History Committee of the Expo. is asking exhibitors and
concessionaires to leave some mementos...for a permanent
display at the Public Library...curios of all description...mineral,
geological specimens, works of art, and bric-a-brac mementos.
WH Papers read at the Congress of Religions include..."The time
is coming when the church will be wedded to Gov't and the
Gov't wedded to the church...our national life will be
permeated by the highest considerations of love and humanity
...a reverence for humanity." The drift of another was "that
the church should recognize the spirit of the new thinking and
welcome the results." (Pg. 126)
SWH A resolution was adopted to hold the fair next year...
Almost 14,000 kids overrun Expo...free admission...Fairbury...
SB Some children poorly clothed for cold weather...one pair of
mittens for two lads was split one glove for each... (Pg. 128)
SB On Omaha Day there will be free admission for all, so even
poor can attend. (Pg. 130)
SB Capt. Mercer presented each Indian with a special medal and
certificate. (Pg. 129)
SB The last congress at the Expo will be National Congress of
Women of the United States.
Oct. 24, 1898 Congress of Religion ends... (Pg. 133)
EB One of Capt. Mercers greatest annoyances was contending with
bootleggers, who seemed determined to bring liquor (to the Indians).
WH Exposition Park...Park Board member talks of difficulties...
"It might be well to (remind) the public that the Park Board
three months ago passed a resolution that it would not
consider exercising its right of eminent domain for the
acquisition of new park grounds unless...it was in petition
form signed by property owners. We are now asked to...secure
the Grand Court and Bluffs Tract...and maintain them as a
park. So far as the scheme to sell Miller Park and use the
proceeds (to buy Expo land)... it cost $700 an acre and we now
could not sell it for more than $150 an acre. (Pg. 134)
Oct. 25, 1898 Georgia Building for sale.
EB Park board and the lagoon...R.W.Richardson presented a
petition containing 300 signatures, asking the Board to
preserve the entire lagoon and Bluffs Tract as a centerpiece
of the Park...the Board has no money and suggests adjoining
property owners buy the land. (Pg. 134)
WH Finding the lost...one mother rushed frantically around for
her ten year old boy. At last she gave up and was lead to the
Council Bluffs carline, where she found the boy, grumbling
because his mother...
WH A 22 year old woman was picked up yesterday, lost and she had
not the least idea what to do until relatives called for her.
EB The 238 Chinese laborers imported to work at the fair have
disappeared. They never expected to be returned to China.
Many borrowed money from friends, and friends from friends, to
raise the money to get into this country...As many as 1000 are
obligated to pay this debt... (Pg. 136)
EB Griffiths Scenic Railroad... (Pg. 135)
Oct. 26, 1898 The wall scene "Mother, ain't we glad we came to Nebraska" in
WH the Agricultural Building has been selected to go to the 1900
Paris Exposition. (pg. 137)
WH Expo gates will remain open as long as the public finds sights
WH Sixteen Filipino warriors, on their way to confer with Pres.
McKinley, are at the Labyrinth and will exhibit their customs
and dances...a portion has cannibalistic proclivities.
WH William Cody visited the Wild West Show again.
EB The Burlington RR & Milwaukee RR pictures will go to Paris...
It is constructed entirely out of grains, leaves, grasses and
seeds from Nebraska. (details of the four pictures follows.)
EB San Carlos Apaches bury their medicine head-dresses...cannot
sell, giveaway or destroy them by tradition...Harry Walker,
Expo guard, follows the braves and digs up about six headdresses.
The Indians are in a hurry to get away...too cold...
Oct. 27, 1898 In a hurry to clear away the plants before cold weather
EB damages them. (Pg. 142)
EB Exposition for next year...John Ryckman of Chicago and Ed
Marshall of New York submit proposal to prominent Omaha
businessman. (Pg. 143)
WH Railroads report 20,000 people come in on trains. (Pg. 144)
Population of Omaha area less than 200M. It is said that before the
"experiment" (Expo), Omaha was in the dumps. From a business
standpoint, business was dull and lacking. Now the city has taken
on a new life. (Pg. 144)
Oct. 28, 1898 Omaha's gain is far greater than the return in money...a
wonderful amount of free advertising, which is of no small
EB benefit to a city...(Cincinnati Comm./Tribune.) (pg. 145)
EB The fair has opened the eyes of the Indian people...according
to American Horse, a Sioux Chief. (Pg. 145)
EB Georgia carries off the lions share of the medals...2 gold, 1
silver, 3 bronze. (Pg. 146)
EB The Sioux are the last to leave. (Pg. 146)
EB People carry off anything for souvenirs...will steal what is
not guarded. Everything loose is likely to be carried off...
as fast as laborers dug up canna and lily bulbs, they were
picked up and carried off. Finally had to put guard over them.
EB Workers begin tearing down livestock barns & pens...sold for
EB Indians leave for the south... (Pg. 147)
WH Geronimo found sleeping...Roland Reed, the great actor, was
giving a performance at Boyd's, at which Geronimo was in
attendance...when the first act was over, Reed became alarmed
when no applause came form Geronimos booth. He found Geronimo
stretched out on the floor, blissfully asleep and loudly snoring.
WH Public sale of pictures from Fine Arts Building will be Tuesday Nov. 1.
WH Schlitz pavilion given permission to stay open as long as
WH Easterners propose a "Colonial Theme" for 1899 Exposition.
Oct. 29, 1898 Rules for admission after closing day... (Pg. 151)
WH Park Commission to restore Kountz Park...decided not to take
in all of main court and bluffs tract. Will leave park in
same condition as property was before...Which means the lagoon
is to be filled up. Commission decided it could provide for a
lake, if one is desired, after this is done. (Pg. 151)
WH Kansas Building sold for $150.00...furniture already disposed of.
WH The main buildings will be open on Sunday and the exhibits
manned. Before on Sundays, although the buildings were open,
the exhibits were covered and no one was in charge. (Pg. 151)
WH Fate of the Exposition...talks of continuing next year...opinions on
all sides expressed...enthusiasm for forming new company.
WH Bogus tickets found after people ransacked the burned down
Rees Printing plant, and then sold them on the street, will
not be honored. (Pg. 152)
WH The livestock barns, 40 odd in number, are the first buildings
to be torn down. (Pg. 152)
EB Plans for distributing profits... (Pg. 153)
Oct. 30, 1898 Rules for removing exhibits... (Pg. 155)
SB The big century plant in the Horticulture Building was sold to
someone form Chicago. (Pg. 155)
SB Typewriters displayed at the Expo, many watched for the first
time, the practical workings of a typewriter. (Pg. 155)
SWH Wedding on the stage of the Old Plantation...Willie Hunter,
singer, and Emma Draughn, his accompanist, will honeymoon in
Nashville. The rest of the company (about 50), will leave for
Nashville Tuesday. (Pg. 156)
SWH Yesterday, 90 kids from Missouri Valley (IA.) attended the
fair. (Pg. 156)
SWH An well-known Omahan has wagered $100 that he can explain
the illusion of the Flying Lady. There will be a special
performance at the Palace of Mysteries, where Lunette, La
Belle Selica-the famous dancer, and She-the great illusionist,
are on exhibition. (Pg. 156)
SWH The St. Louis Exposition, which opened Sept. 14, closed Oct. 29.
Oct. 31, 1898 Special trains bring thousands...every train was loaded...
special trains came from McCook, Hastings, Sioux City, Kansas
City and Eastern Iowa. (Pg. 157)
WH Idaho men favor extension of Exposition... (Pg. 158)
WH A carload of horses, for exhibit at the livestock show which
closed several days ago, has just arrived from South Dakota.
WH All want souvenirs...many have impression that anything that
can be carried away constitutes a free souvenir, if the owner
isn't looking. One pavilion lost 6000 beer steins...salt &
pepper shakers are carried off as fast as they are put on
tables...an alarming scarcity of spoons. (Pg. 158)
WH Sealed bids for the buildings will received until Nov. 15.
All bids must be accompanied by a check for 20% of the bid.
EB Suits for damages abound... (Pg. 160)
EB New York City is home for 90% of the Midway people. (Pg. 160)
EB Two Plattsmouth boys, who ran away from home to see the Expo
before it closed, were picked up by the police. Eddie Wallman
and Robert Vance stole a ride on a train to get here, but
lacked the means to return. (Pg. 160)
EB The fair has helped the west according to RR men...it has been
a greater success than any anticipated...business prospects
throughout the west excellent...a general period of prosperity.
Nov. 1, 1898 The White City now stands in silence...final exercises held in
EB Auditorium. Iowa Building was sold to St. Bernards Hospital in
Council Bluffs for $300. (Pg. 164)
EB There is one form of result that cannot be measured in dollars
...the interest created among visitors, particularly from the
east, in western farmland...a number of settlers will be
attracted to the west as a direct result from the Expo. A
number of inquiries (were made) about land here. (Pg. 162)
EB 50% dividend return possible... (Pg. 163)
EB List of attendance, gate receipts and concession receipts for
entire Expo. (Pgs. 164-5)
WH Closing up the Midway...nothing that could be removed was
WH Wedding on the Giant See-Saw on the last day...Mr. Freeman
Snyder of Rawlins, Wyoming & Miss Nina Rhodes of Aberdeen, So.
Dak. had met on the ride and decided to be wed there, 225
feet in the air. The ceremony was performed by Rev. S.M. Ware
of 2nd Presb. Church of Omaha. (Pg. 168)
Nov. 2, 1898 Nothing but an old thing now. The merry making public on the
WH last night sought entertainment. Everything that could be
shoved was overturned, windows panes were missing...the Dragons
Head had lost all its teeth and diverse parts of its jaw...
plastering knocked off some of the more frail buildings...some
slot machines wrecked... (Pg. 168)
WH 1,846,000 came to Omaha over the various roads leading into
Omaha. (Pg. 168)
WH To save White City for next year, $66,000 is subscribed...
WH Art sale a fizzle...noone puts up pictures for sale...$1200 to
$1500 sold during the year. (Pg. 169)
WH Sale of Expo stamps...two million sold...350M probably to
collectors, "Omaha Stamps" considered handsomest ever issued.
WH The Minnesota Building is in demand...$1000 bid (Pg. 169)
EB Officials cutoff electricity to all incandescent lamps to avoid fires.
EB Midway left in darkness, but arc lamps in main buildings left on.
EB Harry takes a bath...14 year old Harry Hotchkiss was doing a
contortionist act on the railing, but was awkward and fell in
the lagoon. (Pg. 170)
EB Kansas Building, purchased by G.E. Garrison will be torn down
and lumber used for barns and outhouses.
(Is there a good joke here??) (pg. 170)
EB Minor Damage to Lincoln funeral car as revelers look for souvenirs...
EB If we hold another Expo in 1899, it may be larger... (Pg. 171)
Nov. 4, 1898 Omaha & Expositions...the Chicago Tribune says, the "City
EB commands the country’s adulation" (Pg. 173)
WH The New York Building was sold to Paul Horbach, who owns a lot
near the German Village (15th & Pratt?). He plans to convert
it into a dwelling house.
WH Concessions paid to Expo company net $307,000...$100,000
paid for space and $200,000 collected from fee paid by
concessionaires. $1 Million dollars paid by visitors on Midway.
WH The painting of Trilby escapes...An attachment was issued on
the Trilby painting and the Trilby boxes were seized from Expo
officials...but it was announced that the painting was now several
hundred miles form Omaha...out of reach of Expo officials.
WH James Woods of So. Dak. says both coasts want Expo to be
extended to '99.
EB Unpaid stock abandoned...about 400 behind on payments.
Nov. 6, 1898 A matchless achievement...no other city ever distinguished
SB itself in a like manner. (Pg. 177)
SB Ghost of glorious past...To walk through the now littered and
forsaken avenues seems like passing through a cemetery...the
grounds are dreary...the silence is oppressive...streets
covered with debris...it suggests the loss of something that
cannot be regained. (Pg. 177)
SWH Whether those who have only partially paid their stock fee
will receive dividends is undecided. Investors may get back 75%.
SWH All the building on the Midway are practically abandoned
except the Schiltz pavilion. Many of the smaller buildings
being torn down...several entirely dismantled. (Pg. 178)
Nov. 7, 1898 Air of desolation hangs over grounds...few visitors...grounds
WH look deserted Visitors will now be permitted to ride their
bicycles around the grounds. (Pg. 179)
EB Ching Ling Foo & America...He was traveled extensively,
including England, France & Germany, but never met such
friendship as was extended to him in America. (Pg. 179)
Nov. 8, 1898 Surplus of $400,000...Many cities cheer our success...Boston..
EB Philadelphia...New York. (Pg. 180)
WH Iowa Building second to go down...demolishers at work...Kansas
Buildings last walls went down yesterday. (Pg. 189)
WH Realizing Expo stock...long lines of stock holders at Merchants
National Bank to register their stock and receive their checks...
Nov. 9, 1898 Duplicate bonds issued to those that lost them, as they were
WH not expecting to be able to redeem... (Pg. 180)
Nov. 10, 1898 The 15 downtown hotels report ...enormous business during
WH Expo...69,000 quests during June through August, an average of
750 per day. During September and October 85400 registered,
an average of 1400 per day. They are only about 1/2 of the
hotels in town. It is estimated 1,800,000 spent at least one
day in Omaha during the Expo. (Pg. 181)
WH Costs to efface the White City. Lagoon must be filled in,
pilings cut off several feet below ground so they don't get in
the way, the gravel and clay are so packed down it may require
going over with a pick ax to raise it...Nearby owners would
prefer some improvements remain rather than return
land to original condition. (Pg. 181)
Nov. 11, 1898 Strong probability Minnesota building will go to Riverview
EB Park...The state of Minnesota cannot donate...must be sold.
WH Reshaping the lagoon...sentiment on the Park Board of
retaining the bridges as a memorial of Expo...although they
will have to be lowered four feet. Bridges of this sort badly
needed in Miller Park...large trees will be taken and planted
along boulevards...flowers and shrubs will be transplanted to
our nursery or other parks. (Pg. 182)
Nov. 13, 1898 The Library board is receiving many donations...for the new
SB museum. Omaha Public Library...has set aside 3 rooms on the
west side of the third floor for use as a museum. (Pg. 184)
SWH 22,914 have visited the grounds since close...admission
lowered to 25c/15c. Tearing down of German Village began
last night. (Pg. 185)
Nov. 14, 1898 Perverting Exposition history...The attempt to extol William
EB Jennings Bryan by the World Herald in relation to the history
of the Exposition...(is not accurate). Mr. Bryan introduced,
upon request, the resolution in the T/M Commercial Congress
endorsing the Exposition, but never did he willingly give the
Exposition his support. During the critical period when he
could have been of invaluable service...he was neutral or silent...
Nov. 15, 1898 250 carloads of exhibits have left so far. An immense amount
EB has been sold or given to local people. (Pg. 186)
EB Judge issues order stopping writing of costly ($10,000) history.
Some merchants in favor of Expo in '99, but many disagree...
Nov. 16, 1898 Bids in White City...$17,500 by P.E.Iler to run '99 Expo,
Chicago Wrecking Co. bids $15,519 to tear down... (Pg. 186)
Nov. 19, 1898 Raising money for '99 Expo...$100,000 needed to start.
Nov. 20, 1898 Omaha is to have fair in 1899... (Pg. 190)
Nov. 21, 1898 Fremont Tribune, "The businessman of Fremont agree to not buy
$1 of goods in Omaha if Expo held in 1899. No city before has
extended to a second year. (Pg. 191)
Nov. 22, 1898 $17,500 submitted to Expo board... (Pg. 191)
Dec. 3, 1898 Days of grace expire for delinquent payers... (Pg. 188)
Dec. 7, 1898 Winding up affairs...duplicate medals, certificates, etc...
Jan. 14, 1899 Paintings for the Library... (Pg. 188)
These notes compiled by David Wells 9246 Madison St. Omaha, NE 68127 in 1998
History of the NE G.A.R. Posts History of the NE S.U.V.C.W. History of the NE L.G.A.R. History of the NE D.U.V.C.W.Allied Orders Indexed by Town Allied Orders Indexed by County